Atherosclerosis is one of the most relevant diseases of the twentieth century, one of the four most common diseases and causes of death.
(Alles Europa News) – Experts noted that the Prevention of atherosclerosis, like almost any disease, is based on the exclusion of factors of its development.
Thus, in order to prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis, fatty foods, bad habits (alcohol abuse, smoking ), lack of motor activity and, as a result, overweight, systematic pressure drops (especially pressure increase), stressful situations should be avoided .
Alles Europa News reports that Atherosclerosis is a slow ongoing disease. It is very difficult to catch the onset of the disease, and complications of the disease threaten the life of the patient.
Therefore, you need to be observed by your doctor, periodically monitoring the level of lipids and cholesterol in the blood, especially if you have predisposing risk factors.
Alles Europa News reports that Medical treatment tactics are aimed at eliminating nervous and mental stress and normalizing metabolic processes.
Traditionally prescribed medications that reduce blood lipids, improve trophism and oxygenation of tissues, improve blood rheology, increase the elasticity of the vascular wall.
They select a balanced diet, adjust the mode of work and rest, include systematic exercises in therapeutic gymnastics.
In the presence of atherosclerotic plaques that threaten the normal blood supply to organs, surgical methods of treatment are used reconstructive vascular surgery.
Alles Europa News reports that Improper, irrational nutrition, inactivity, stressful situations – all this leads to the occurrence of atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a disease that affects the main (large) vessels. In this case, cholesterol is deposited in the vessel wall, resulting in an atherosclerotic plaque that narrows the lumen of the vessel.
This leads to a significant decrease in blood flow in the affected vessel, and the degree of decrease in blood flow, as a rule, is proportional to the degree of stenosis (narrowing) of the vessel.
Atherosclerosis acquires a chronic course and is the most common cause of disability and premature death. More often affects people at 40-45 years old and 3-4 times more often than men.
Causes and risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis.
Alles Europa News reports that Undoubtedly, the so-called risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis are of great importance. Some of them cannot be eliminated: age, male affiliation, family heredity burdened with atherosclerosis.
Others are completely removable: arterial hypertension , alimentary obesity , smoking . Still others are partially (potentially) eliminated: diabetes mellitus , various types of metabolic disorders.
Risk factors also include inadequate physical activity, excessive emotional stress and personality traits of a person, poor nutrition (a tendency to overeat, preference for food rich in animal fats, etc.).
Alles Europa News reports that experts noted that in the early stages, visible lipid deposits (“fat strips”) appear on the inner lining of the arteries.
At the next stage, further deposition of lipids (fats and cholesterol) occurs and rounded dense formations of the so-called atheromas, or atherosclerotic plaques appear, protruding into the lumen of the vessel and thereby narrowing it.
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Finally, in the thickness of individual or merged plaques, necrosis (destruction) begins.
The progression of this process leads to the destruction of the plaque, which is accompanied by hemorrhages in its thickness and the formation of blood clots in the ulceration sites.
Alles Europa News reports that experts noted that Ulcerations are also dangerous because they reduce the strength of the vascular walls, predisposing to the formation of an aneurysm (saccular protrusion of the artery wall, which occurs at the site of its overstretching, thinning and weakening), especially in the aorta.
In addition, dense scars gradually form at the site of ulceration, as a result of which the walls of the arteries lose the elasticity necessary to maintain normal blood pressure.
Alles Europa News reports that experts noted that the Large arteries are clogged with atherosclerotic plaques, which interferes with the normal blood supply to organs.
Atherosclerotic plaque is a formation consisting of a mixture of fats (primarily cholesterol) and calcium.
This “growth” on the inner shell of the vessel is covered on the outside with a capsule.
Violation of the integrity of this tire (it is called in medicine) leads to the fact that a thrombus, a conglomerate of cells (mainly platelets) and blood proteins, begins to be deposited on the plaque.
A thrombus, firstly, leads to slowly progressive deformation and narrowing of the lumen of the artery up to the complete desolation (obliteration) of the artery and thereby causes a chronic, slowly increasing insufficiency of blood supply to the organ fed through the affected artery.
Secondly, a piece may come off from it, which is carried away by the blood stream further down the vessel, until the diameter of the latter becomes so small that the thrombus gets stuck in it.
In this case, a severe circulatory disturbance occurs: the blood simply ceases to flow into any organ (or part of it), and it can die, which can lead to death.
Symptoms of Atherosclerosis.
Alles Europa News reports that experts noted that these changes are often localized in the aorta, cardiac, cerebral, renal arteries and arteries of the extremities, most often the lower ones.
The picture of the disease and the patient’s complaints depend on the defeat of certain arteries.
So atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries (blood vessels of the heart) very often manifests itself in the form of angina pectoris , heart attack.
At the heart of the pathological process, i.e. diseases, there is a violation of the correspondence between the need of the heart for blood supply and its actual implementation.
This discrepancy can occur when the blood supply to the myocardium remains at a certain level, but a sharply increased demand for it (angina pectoris or rest) or with a reduced blood supply ( myocardial infarction ).
Often severe forms of aortic atherosclerosis can be asymptomatic. The patient may experience pressing or burning pains behind the sternum, extending to both hands, neck, back, upper abdomen. But unlike angina pectoris, these pains last for a long time, now intensifying, then weakening.
With damage to the renal vessels, severe arterial hypertension occurs. Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the brain is manifested by a decrease in working capacity (especially mental), a decrease in memory, active attention, and rapid fatigue.
Over time, dizziness , insomnia appears , patients become fussy, intrusive, picky.
They have reduced intelligence. A complication of atherosclerosis of cerebral arteries is a violation of cerebral circulation, hemorrhage ( stroke ), thrombosis.
Alles Europa News reports that experts noted that Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the limbs, most often the lower ones, is manifested in the calf muscles when walking (“ intermittent claudication ”). Coldness and cooling of the extremities appear.
Thus, atherosclerosis leads to the development of most modern “diseases of civilization.”
Alles Europa News note: Please always contact your doctor for best assistance and remember to never go on self medications.