Experts noted Pericarditis as an inflammation of the pericardial sac and the outer lining of the heart.
(Alles Europa News) – In case of pain in the heart area, it is urgent to visit a doctor or call the ambulance team.
The specialist will conduct an examination and examination, prescribe the correct treatment.
Alles Europa News reports to clarify the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribes an examination, which includes electrocardiography, chest x-ray, echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), a general blood test .
These studies help to evaluate the size of the heart and its contractions, to identify the inflammatory process. If there is a suspicion that pericarditis is a complication of another disease, additional relevant studies and tests will be prescribed.
The doctor may prescribe a pericardial puncture. At the same time, a needle is inserted into the pericardial sac, an inflammatory fluid is obtained and sent to the laboratory for analysis.
The main directions of treatment of pericarditis infectious are antibiotics, antiviral drugs.
With pericarditis of tuberculous origin, the patient is treated in a specialized tuberculosis hospital.
In autoimmune and other diseases, appropriate therapy is prescribed.
In order to normalize the patient’s condition, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory, analgesic drugs.
If the disease is chronic, it is necessary to eliminate all factors that can provoke exacerbations.
Prognosis for pericarditis.
With proper and timely treatment, all symptoms disappear after a few days, and full recovery occurs.
The prognosis is least favorable for pericarditis caused by purulent infection or malignant tumors.
Prevention of pericarditis.
Preventive measures are the timely treatment of diseases that may be complicated by pericarditis.
This disease rarely occurs on its own, most often it is a particular manifestation of a heart lesion or other disease: rheumatism, tuberculosis , systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.
Pericarditis can occur in acute or chronic form, it can be dry or accompanied by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac.
Causes of pericarditis.
The main causes of inflammation in the pericardial sac:
Flu and some other viral infections.
Bacterial infections: pneumonia, meningitis, purulent diseases.
Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus .
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Some allergic conditions, such as allergies to medications.
Metabolic disorders in diseases of the kidneys, gout, diseases of the thyroid gland.
Heart attack Pericarditis can occur immediately after a heart attack or later, when the patient has already been discharged from the hospital.
In rare cases, pericarditis can be caused by parasitic worms.
Symptoms of pericarditis
Alles Europa News reports the main symptom of the disease is pain in the heart. It does not increase during exercise, it cannot be removed with nitroglycerin tablets .
With frequent deep breathing, the pain becomes stronger. If fluid accumulates in the heart bag, then an increase in pain is also noted with forward bends. In a sitting position, the patient feels better.
Gradually, the pain can decrease and turn into a feeling of heaviness in the heart.
An increase in body temperature indicates that pericarditis is caused by infection.
Some patients have shortness of breath, a dry cough , which sometimes ends with vomiting.
Alles Europa News note: Please always contact your doctor for best assistance and remember to never go on self medications.